In the Bible and in specialist literature one speaks of Magoi, the Greek word for magicians. At the same time, this term was also used for Zoroastrian priests. Obviously, the three wise men were astrologers, led to Jesus by the star of Bethlehem. During the 6th century, the three Oriental sages (presumably Persians) became transformed into three holy kings, named “Kaspar”, “Melchior” and “ Balthasar “, most probably because of their precious presents – gold, incense and myrrh.
In art, the three men are often portrayed as a young man, an adult and an old man, with different clothings and skin colors to symbolize the universality of the Christmas message. This diversity certainly represents each one of us. Every one ready to trust in God and willing to interpret the signs correctly; no matter whether he or she is black, white, old, young, foreign, etc.
> Usage of the symbol
Zoroastrian priests following a universal star, honoring a Jewish boy, who later will establish a new religion, are a great example of cosmopolitanism and open-mindedness. Their meaning goes far beyond “their function in the nativity play.” In this sense, the Three Wise Men can be seen as a symbol of equality and brotherhood of all races and religions. They also stand for wisdom, compassion and mutual respect. These qualities are best developed in the center of a house (Bagua n° 5), in the Bagua n° 6 for helpful friends and travels, and in Bagua n° 8 for knowledge and wisdom.